Cancer Research: Two Sides to Every Story

There are two sides to every story, but nothing is ever as simple as that – the truth generally lies somewhere in between.

As a daughter who lost her own father to Cancer – just over 12 months ago, and having lived in that heart-wrenching, complex and confusing world of aggressive medical intervention for over three years – something doesn’t sit right.

My children will never meet their Grandad. That colourful library book of knowledge and it’s unique perspective on life is gone forever. I’ll only ever utter the word “Dad” past tense.  And instead of spending the later years of my life without my Father, I’ll be spending the majority of my life without my Father – until his untimely end becomes nothing more than a painful speck on a long and distant landscape.

During the three and half years myself and my family spent visiting virtually every hospital across two counties in the North of England; I’ve witnessed hospitals stacked full of fizzy drinks, sugary snacks and the absolute unavailability of anything which even the most nutritionally uneducated could even comedic-ally suggest was healthy.

I’ve anxiously surveyed pain-ridden, emotionally-charged cancer wards  to see patients hurtling towards the final exit with bottles of Lucozade, Coca Cola and Ribena by their bedsides. I’ve uncomfortably listened in to NHS-trained, Government employees ask a Man who had already lost one foot, whose face glowed a deathly combination of grey and yellow, whether he would like his “usual” – his usual being a standard cup of instant coffee with two spoons of coffee and two heaped teaspoons of sugars – multiple times per day.

And when I wasn’t on the inside of these soul-suffocating wards full of painfully oblivious sick people, I was on the outside looking in – numbly walking up and down supermarket aisles filled with frankenfoods and the horseshit our government deems it appropriate for multi-national, chemical manufacturers to pedal to our children, and their unwittingly compliant parents.

Our Government recently decided to vote against a tax on sugary drinks. Yet we’re told the NHS will soon be bankrupt due to the obesity crisis and the spiraling number of new Type II Diabetes patients. Something doesn’t sit right. In New Zealand it’s a completely different story.

If you’re healthy, Doctors are the first to tell you to eat more fruit and vegetables, do more exercise and reduce the stress in your life. Paradoxically, if you’re unlucky enough to be diagnosed with Cancer, what does the NHS (Government) employed Oncologist tell you? “Don’t change anything about your current diet or lifestyle”.

Why is that?

Why are NHS Oncologists telling the sickest of patients to carry on regardless?
This is one of the major issues with the Cancer industry, and given that it accounts for many billions of pounds in drugs and invasive, anti-homeostatic treatments – it is, in no uncertain terms – an industry. And it’s fuel for the fire for the conspiracy theorists.

Are our friends and loved ones actually just live, lab rats for this multi-million pound industry to experiment on, until they find that one treatment, which keeps people sick enough to still require treatment but never holistically cures?

‘Nine executives at Cancer Research earn more then the Prime Minister’

What would happen to the Chief Executives’ £1.6 million pound pad in North West London if a cure was found? How would these guys maintain the luxury lifestyles they’re accustomed to if grieving relatives, like myself and my family, stopped donating their hard-earned pounds, in these times of austerity, to the ‘charities’ they steer? And what would become of the fat-cat, drug-pushing pimps at the head of the some of the world’s largest big pharma’s?

It’s simplistic, of course, but nevertheless a question which raises some perplexing scenarios, which are becoming increasingly difficult to blindly ignore.

Having studied Biology at A Level, I know enough about science to know experiments must be conducted under a static set of circumstances – to prevent the results being skewed. This leads me to question whether the, at best unhelpful and at worst fatal, advice to “change nothing” is driven by a need to keep drug-testing conditions as close to baseline as possible.

I was once a supporter of Cancer Research. Of course I was, my Father had Stage 4 Cancer. But during one of the worst periods of his enduring illness, I was sickened to my stomach and angered beyond comprehension to see Cancer Research UK pop up in my Facebook News Feed with a blog post entitled ‘Cancer Myths that Just Won’t Die’. (They’ve since re-worded the title!)

I’ll just let that sit with you for a while…

Cancer Research in the UK is funded by drug companies, public donations and the Government. And one group of these willing donors doesn’t have any power at all.

In the above-mentioned, at best naive and at worst deeply offensive, article – apparently written by PHD Scientists and approved by, no doubt handsomely-paid, Marketing and Public Relations officials – the author listed ten so called ‘myths’ about complementary cancer treatments. One could be forgiven for wondering whether this venomous article was in fact written to silence those who irritatingly continue to question their one-dimensional approach to cancer research.

Last year, £522 Million was donated to Cancer Research UK, but 1600 people still die from the disease every single day, 365 days a year.

Science by it’s very nature is not science when you introduce bias – on either side of the argument. On one extreme of the spectrum: unregulated, unpatentable treatments like snake oil and cannabis are touted by conspiracy theorists as the secret, revolutionary, cure-all cancer treatment. On the other, the smoke and mirrors-style, hugely profitable pharmaceutical industry and pharmaceutical industry-supported charities – headed up by £250,000 per year Chief Executives.

I don’t believe either side of the story. And I don’t believe everything I read. Science, unquestionably, is going to be at the forefront of progress towards reducing the number of lives which are devastated by this disease on a daily basis, but there a two sides to every story and multi-level considerations to be made to find the answer.

I was compelled to write this post, or rant – whatever you want to call it by this video:

I take everything with a pinch of salt, but I’m all for anything which – in the true sense of science – questions the status quo, and these initiatives have considerably less money behind them, so I’m doing my bit to give an alternative perspective the air time it deserves.

I would encourage you to take this article with a pinch of salt too, however, because it was written by a relative of someone who was on the sharp end of Cancer Research’s proud, 50/50 odds.

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A Letter to My Great Grand-Daughter…

Life is a collection of firsts and lasts.

The first “Hello”. The last “Goodbye”. And the wonderful moments that lie in between.

I had the pleasure, first, of watching my daughter – your Grandma, giving life to a beautiful, bouncing baby girl. That little girl – who would grow to become your Mum; I held her hand. I walked with her. I talked with her for a while: building castles and carving lifelong memories upon the sand.

We laughed long and we laughed often.

I celebrated her first birthday, and many other important milestones along the way, with lots of cake and a splendid party tea. And as if that gift of happiness were not enough for an ordinary man to see, to dine like a king long on into eternity: I saw two turned into three.

I was lucky enough to hold your hand, my dearest Great Grand-Daughter. And I walked with you, talked with you for a while.

I watched with pride and great delight as another of life’s great miracles unfolded before my old and weary, all-seeing eyes. I looked on in wonder as you took your first tentative steps to walk the same path my unrecognisable baby feet endeavoured to do four score years and 9 ago. I celebrated your first birthday with even more cake and a larger party tea, and I listened intently with quiet glee to the words I knew, one day long after I’d gone, would change the world unmistakably.

And as I prepared to breathe my last, bidding a tearful goodbye to the world, alas, I first watched you grow into the courageous, sparky, wonderful young lady you are today – just getting started. My eyes may have been old, but the unquestionable beauty and unimaginable joy of the precious moments we shared were not lost.

Can you imagine, can you really imagine how proud I would be?

For as my eyes blurred and my full heart stopped beating, in that lifeless body that was not me: my soul went on breathing in the loving family I am so sad to be parted, and I knew at once that I had achieved success at last.

I lived well, laughed often, and loved much;
I enjoyed the trust of a pure woman – your kind and caring – sparky Great Grandma
I enjoyed the respect of intelligent men and the love of three generations of little children;
I filled my niche and accomplished my task;
And never lacked appreciation of Earth’s beauty or failed to express it;
For I left the world better than I found it.

Wait, I see something on the horizon…Oh! Here she comes!

I’ll send you a postcard from Paradise Falls.

Goodbye my dearest Great Grand-Daughter,

All my love,

Great-Grandpa
x

postcard

Update: Finding Nirvana

A post from my other blog: Creating a Career.

Creating a Career

buddy

It has been a while since I posted anything on this blog; two years in fact. There weren’t too many people listening back then and with my continued absence – I suspect it may only be my dear mother who reads this latest post but, conveniently, my objective for writing this blog was never to have scores of readers (although it would be nice) – it was designed to be a tool to help me escape the rat race and create a career of my choosing.

Well, guess what I realised during a truly inspirational week, last week; I did it. I created a career of my choosing, I’m doing it and I’m getting it paid for it. Stick that in your hypothetical pipe and do as you please with it, all those people who doubted the philosophy of Screw Work Let’s Play.

My final epiphany moment and the…

View original post 272 more words

NHS Fails to Give Adequate Nutritional Advice to Cancer Patients

A Report into the Nutritional Advice given to Cancer Patients in the UK

heart-shaped-broccoli

1.0 Introduction

Following my late Father’s Bowel Cancer diagnosis and his subsequent three and a half year battle with the disease, I have become extremely passionate about this subject and am keen to examine whether enough emphasis is placed on good nutrition, by the health service, following a devastating cancer diagnosis.

 

2.0 Terms of Reference

2.1 To investigate whether cancer patients, in the UK, are offered effective nutritional advice as part of their treatment plan, in relation to managing symptoms and delaying progression of the disease.

2.2 To assess the quality of the advice given.

 

3.0 Procedure

This report is based on the following research:

3.1 In-depth online research on the types of nutritional information available and the sources and quality of that information.

3.2 In-depth review of the World Cancer Research Fund International’s Policy Briefing Document on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Disease Prevention.

3.3 Survey of 100 cancer patients with varying degrees of disease progression and types of primary Cancer.

3.2 Further research and discussion with Cancer patients via online cancer forums, including; Marie Curie Cancer Care, Macmillan Cancer Care, Cancer Research UK, The Colon Club, Kidney Cancer Forum, Beating Bowel Cancer and the Rarer Cancer Forum.

3.3 Interview with a hospital-based Chemotherapy Nurse to investigate the advice given to patients undergoing chemotherapy.

3.4 Analysis of the patient information provided at the Northern Centre for Cancer Care and the Macmillan Information & Support Centre at the Freeman Hospital, Newcastle to ascertain what information was available on diet and nutrition.

 

4.0 Findings

4.1 Background

4.1.1 Our bodies require food and water and the proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals they provide for each and every function of the body.

4.1.2 Nutrition is increasingly important when it comes to the immune system and fighting disease. In addition, in relation to chemotherapy, the liver needs to be fit and healthy to deal with the toxic chemicals administered to treat the cancer. If patients then overload their bodies with chemical additives from poor quality food, with no nutritional benefits, they are sabotaging their body’s ability to heal and rebuild itself.

4.1.3 It has been proven that poor quality food, alcohol, caffeine, excess sugar and refined carbohydrates all increase blood sugar (glucose) levels which has a negative effect on energy, mental health and general well-being. Cancer has a profound effect on energy levels and many patients experience depression and other mental health issues following a diagnosis. Plus, it is reported that cancer cells ‘feed’ on glucose, so it makes sense for patients to limit these substances and increase their consumption of vitamins and minerals to support the body and slow the progression of the disease.

4.1.4 Good hydration is of equal importance to prevent complications and increased pain arising from dehydration, as a consequence of symptoms and/ or chemotherapy.

4.1.5 Official statistics on cancer incidence and mortality rates do not take into account whether patients continue to eat an unhealthy diet following diagnosis. Research suggests that half of all cancers could be prevented through lifestyle changes (Cancer Research UK). So, as diet and lifestyle factors are implicated in the development of the disease then it is likely they will affect prognosis, pain management and other associated symptoms.

4.1.6 At present, there is insufficient evidence to support whether or not specific diets can prevent or cure cancer. However, based on what we already know and has been proven, regarding a healthy diet, the importance of good nutrition following diagnosis should be given greater precedence throughout the health service in the North East, especially, given that incidence and mortality rates are slightly higher than the national average.

 

4.2 Observations

Food Outlet at the Northern Centre for Cancer Care

Food Outlet at the Northern Centre for Cancer Care

4.2.1 While visiting the North East Centre for Cancer Care at the Freeman Hospital I observed that the only literature available on diet and nutrition had been produced by Macmillan Cancer Care or Cancer Research and there were no general NHS publications linking all of this information together.

4.2.2 I also observed that, although there was some information available, patients would firstly need to visit the Macmillan Information Centre and then search through the large amount of leaflets and brochures to find information on diet and nutrition.

4.2.3 I visited the Macmillan Information Centre and browsed the leaflets and brochures but in the fifteen minutes I was there I was not spoken to or offered any advice or assistance on finding the information I needed, which suggests that the information centre is over-subscribed.

4.2.4 Information on display was general healthy eating advice, similar to that given to patients without cancer. Apart from some advice on managing the symptoms of bowel cancer, which directly affects the digestive system, there was no information on the therapeutic benefits of different kinds of foods and how specific symptoms could be alleviated through diet alone.

4.2.4 Limited information was available but patients who have not been educated on the importance of good nutrition while fighting a life-threatening illness would not seek out this information.

4.2.5 On examining the literature collected it was evident that the information was widely conflicting.

 

4.3 Patient Survey – Questionnaires

4.3.1 The majority of respondents (79%) stated that they were not offered any advice on diet and nutrition at the time of diagnosis.

4.3.2 In addition, almost the same number again (78%) said they had not been given any advice on drinking water.

4.3.3 Following diagnosis, over half of those diagnosed (60%) said they did their own research on diet and nutrition, specifically relating to cancer.

4.3.4 In summary, just over half (53%) made changes to their diet immediately following diagnosis.

4.3.5 Just over half of those questioned (52%) said they were later given specific dietary information in relation to treatment.

4.3.6 Just under half (44%) of patients surveyed said that, since being diagnosed, they had requested information on diet and nutrition.

4.3.7 The best part (76%) of all respondents said that they had implemented dietary changes which had a positive effect on the management of their symptoms.

 

4.3.8 Chart 1

Chart 1

4.3.9 Chart 2

chart 2

4.3.10 Chart 3

chart 3

4.3.11 Comments

By comparing the charts and adding together the small number of patients who did get advice at the time of diagnosis (Chart 1) to the number of patients who did their own research (Chart 2) it equates to 84% which is roughly the same number (76%) of patients who made dietary changes and experienced a positive effect on symptoms (Chart 3).

 

4.4 Views of Patients

4.4.1 Patients were confused about what they should and should not eat.

4.4.2 Health professionals, specifically Oncologists, were unhelpful and sometimes obstructive in relation to diet and nutrition and recommendations were not included in treatment plans.

4.4.3 Incorrect and potentially harmful advice was often given by health professionals, such as; drinking coca cola for nausea or ‘diet is not important, weight gain is the most important factor’.

4.4.4 Health professionals were insufficiently educated in diet and nutrition and did not know the answer to simple questions like the difference between soluble and insoluble fibre, which is of paramount importance to a bowel cancer patients specifically.

4.4.5 Patients made some extremely beneficial changes to their diet after doing their own research, which resulted in the discovery of information which had not been made available by health professionals.

4.4.6 Patients experienced periods of unnecessary pain and other unpleasant symptoms and side-effects, following diagnosis, before discovering the therapeutic benefits of food from carrying out their own research.

 

4.5 Views of Hospital Chemotherapy Nurse

4.5.1 Nurse questioned was unaware of any foods which could not be consumed whilst under-going chemotherapy. She said that lots of patients experienced nausea and should eat whatever they could keep down whilst concentrating on gaining/ maintaining weight.

4.5.2 She confirmed that patients on the chemotherapy ward were served exactly the same food as other patients in the hospital, unless they had been diagnosed as Lactose Intolerant or suffering from Coeliac Disease.

4.5.3 She told me that patients were encouraged to drink water where possible but that there were no guidelines or rules on how much each patient should drink on a daily basis.

4.5.4 Although there are Dietician’s available in the hospital there is not a specific Dietician available to answer questions on the chemotherapy ward.

4.5.5 She said that she felt a healthy diet was quite important during chemotherapy but that eating whatever could be tolerated and eating foods which would prevent the patient from losing too much weight were much more important.

4.5.6 She had not been given any specific training on diet and nutrition in addition to training as a specialist chemotherapy nurse.

4.5.7 Patients who request further information on diet and nutrition, in relation to treatment, are always referred back to the Oncologist in the first instance.

 

5.0 Conclusions

5.5 A whopping (76%) of all respondents said that they had implemented dietary changes which had a positive effect on the management of their symptoms, which is the most striking of all the findings and directly contrasts the majority of patients (79%) not being offered any advice at the time of diagnosis.

5.6 It is clear from the findings that nutrition should be brought to the forefront of cancer treatment in the UK.

5.7 Diet and nutrition needs to become part of the treatment plan from the outset, with regular monitoring by a Dietician.

5.8 Nutrition plays a huge part in the management of symptoms when fighting cancer. Patients are suffering unnecessarily by wrongly assuming, and in many cases being advised, that continuing to eat an unhealthy diet will not have any affect positive or negative.

5.9 Instead of being given valuable information at the time of diagnosis, patients are being left to seekout this information themselves, amongst the large amount of inaccurate sources available online, which compounds the huge amount of stress that a new cancer diagnosis brings.

5.10 It is the responsibility of the health service to ensure patients are given clear and concise, high-quality information at the time of diagnosis and as part of their ongoing treatment plan.

 

6.0 Recommendations on how treatment outcomes could be improved:

6.1 All health professionals, including those at the top, involved in cancer prevention, diagnosis and treatment should be educated on nutrition, integrative oncology and the therapeutic benefits of food.

6.2 Information should be offered at the time of diagnosis, with an emphasis on the need to make positive lifestyle changes and how those changes can affect the management of symptoms and the progression of the disease.

6.3 Patients should immediately be offered an appointment with a dietitian.

6.4 Regular appointments should be scheduled to monitor symptoms and change diet accordingly.

6.5 Alternative ideas should be offered for gaining weight and increasing energy, that do not involve eating cakes, sweets, crisps and junk food.

6.6 Signposting scheme should be introduced at hospital/ GP appointments or via NHS web sites to direct patients to reputable sources of further information online.

 

 

 

Image Credit: Keep California Farming

Carb Cycling: Made Simple

this is how i roll

I may only be a few days in to my new clean eating regime and had already set out my own personal nutrition plan. However, on the advice of a friend, who is currently entrenched in some serious study into transformational health and fitness, coupled with some of my own research, starting here; I’ve decided to switch things up a bit and experiment with carb cycling.

Based on my recent history, I’m conscious that keeping my mood stable and preventing disordered eating, in response to stress, needs to be at the forefront of my approach. So, after conducting some online research, carb cycling appears to be a very sensible way forward for me.

Under normal circumstances, once I set my mind to something, my willpower is unshakeable and over the years I’ve completed many weeks of hardcore detox plans and restrictive paleo eating plans – consuming a diet of predominantly meat and vegetables. However, I’m now moving closer to a more sustainable philosophy when it comes to eating and staying healthy. Not to mention, feeling a desire to go a little easier on myself by incorporating a wider choice of healthy foods and more flexibility to, most importantly, enjoy life!

 

What is carb cycling?

Although it’s experiencing a revival, carb cycling has actually been around for many years and has been used by bodybuilders, for decades, to strategically use carbohydrates to drop excess body fat and build lean muscle.

Carb Cycle

In simple terms, you alternate low carbohydrate days with high carbohydrate days to keep your body in a permanent state of fat burning to prevent weight loss plateaus – created by long-term, low carbohydrate diets, as your body recalibrates and protects itself from famine in response to the lack of carbohydrates for energy.

 

Learning how to cycle:

If you’re that way inclined or an amateur athlete, you can experiment with extreme carb cycling by getting stuck in to the minutia and also combine calorie counting and precise macro-nutrient ratios which will, without doubt, enable you to drop fat very quickly. I am not that way inclined and I’m definitely not an athlete!

There are numerous different combinations to try out but, I’ve settled on:

Day 1: Low Carb
Day 2: Low Carb
Day 3: High Carb
Day 4: Low Carb
Day 5: Low Carb
Day 6: High Carb
Day 7: Cheat Day

I will repeat this cycle for three weeks and then on the advice of Chris Powell, the fourth week will be 6 days of High Carb followed by a cheat day, as usual, on Day 7 and so it continues. I feel really confident this plan will work well for me and, given my current circumstances, be the right combination of challenging and do-able.

Again, I could get hung up on calorie counting and macro-nutrient ratios but considering I’m a long way off single figure body fat percentages, I think the combination of Low Carb and High Carb days should be enough to, reasonably easily, lose the excess body fat I’m carrying around at the moment.

NB: High Carb days are not to be mistaken for ‘eat what the hell you like days’ – they are days where you eat healthy, complex carbohydrates such as: Sweet Potato, Brown Rice, Fruit, Oats, Wholegrains and Quinoa.

I’m not going to calorie count but I am going to try and be more portion-conscious and follow these basic guidelines:

Protein: palm-sized

Carbs: fist-sized

Fat: thumb-sized

Green and cruciferous Vegetables: unlimited

I’m also going to stick loosely to five meals per day, where possible, all 3 hours apart to prevent getting too hungry and to resist the temptation to reach for sugary carbs for an energy boost and, Cheat Day, will be exactly that – I will allow myself to eat exactly what I fancy but will be mindful of portion sizes here too.

I’m halfway through my second Low Carb day and so far, so good, it’s been a pretty smooth ride! I had forgotten how good broccoli tastes!!

Low Carb Day; grilled, light Halloumi with Broccoli #carbcycling

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Have you tried Carb Cycling? How is it going for you?

 

Image Credits: Carbcycle.com, Paisley Impressions

Cleaning Up My Act: Knowledge is Power

Pretty new #FoodDiary and #Workout #Journal 🙂

A post shared by Francesca Roll (@francescajroll) on

I’ve just purchased this pretty pink notebook.

I’m going to use it as a Food Diary and Workout Journal to track my progress and educate myself on what’s working and what isn’t.

I read an incredibly useful tip, recently, which suggested documenting any ‘slip ups’ by recording where you were, what you were doing and how you were feeling before you felt the need to deviate from your nutrition plan. By looking back over this information, I hope to be able to revise my plan to prevent future indiscretions.

At the end of each week, when I recheck my weight and measurements I can also look back over my Food Diary and Workout Journal and decide whether anything needs to change to improve my results.

I bought this one from Sainsbury’s and it was reasonably inexpensive but, it looks and feels beautiful and I’m really going to enjoy writing in it.

Cleaning Up My Act: Week One

Workmen-cleaning-up-after-003

So, I set out my objectives for cleaning up my act in my previous post and after much thought, deliberation and taking inspiration from various different sources – I’ve decided on a Nutrition Plan for Week #1.

Over the past couple of months, I’ve taken a gigantic step away from a generally healthy lifestyle and have been #eatingdirty, by indulging in the worst kind of foods: high calorie, high sugar and high refined carbohydrates – all washed down with copious amounts of alcohol.

I joined a fantastic new gym in April 2014 and alongside eating well, I was looking and feeling good and approximately one stone (14lbs) lighter than I find myself today. However, life then, quite spectacularly, changed my path for the following four months. Cue, disordered eating and my focus shifting from achieving health-related goals to purely surviving but, there are no mistakes, only lessons. Hence, some of the approaches I’m going to include in my plans to clean up my act.

From experience, I know the fastest way to drop body fat would be to start an aggressive detox and enforce a diet purely made up of protein, plant foods, good fats and zero alcohol. I’m not going to do this. Why?

Firstly and most importantly, life is short. Over the years, I’ve spent endless weeks cutting out everything to the point where my only option was to either refuse social invitations or sit on the sidelines with a glass of water and an uninspiring meal whilst everyone else enjoyed themselves and after a while, with such a hardcore, self-depreciating plan and ‘all or nothing’ thinking –  every time, without exception, I’ve eventually fallen off the hypothetical wagon and ended up back at square one.

Secondly, especially at the moment, I need to be mindful of the factors affecting my ability to endure such an extreme nutrition plan. As anyone who has embarked on a similar detox and low carbohydrate plan will tell you, the first few weeks require serious mental strength to conqueror the withdrawal effects of removing food groups from the diet which, the body has become accustomed to receiving.

So, taking all of the above into consideration, my first week’s nutrition plan is going to focus on breaking my addiction to #eatingdirty, will be based around the ‘KISS‘ principle and look a little something like this:

– remove all foods with added sugar

– remove all refined carbohydrates

– eat more protein

– 1 x protein shake directly after training

– eat organic rice, quinoa, sweet potatoes, new potatoes & oats (after training, where possible)

– drink 2.5-3 litres of pure filtered water & herbal tea per day


What I’m not going to do:

– count calories

– stick to set macro-nutrient ratios

– cut out fruit (it contains too many useful nutrients to remove altogether and will help with satiety)

– cut out all dairy (I take my coffee black so have no need to include milk but will continue to eat: live natural yoghurt and, occasionally, substitute other protein sources for light Halloumi, Ricotta and Emmental cheese)


Alcohol:

In a nod to my dearly-departed Grandpa, who lived until the grand old age of 89 and a big fan of Champagne; my attitude to alcohol is going to be one of celebration and if an occasion warrants being celebrated, then that’s what I’ll do. However, I will stick to Champagne, Margarita’s, Daiquiris or other spirits with low calorie or pure fruit mixers.


Follow Up:

I will check progress after one week and if progress is satisfactory and I feel good – then I’ll continue. If not, I will change things and continue from there.

I have my starting weight and measurements but, a lady never divulges such information – so I’ll keep them to myself 🙂

 

Image: Guardian